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Bursitis is frequently secondary to degenerative lesions of the cuff. The pathology applies to the non-specific inflammation of the bursa which is closed sac lined with a cellular membrane resembling synovium. The bursa is separate and distinct from the glenohumeral joint and has no connection with it.
MECHANISM OF INJURY
May be secondary to such other rheumatic diseases as rheumatoid arthritis or gout. Trauma or primary lesions of the rotator cuff or associated structures can lead to an intimate relationship of the walls of the subdeltoid bursa and supraspinatus tendon. Excessive and repetitive motion causes friction in this location with subsequent bursa irritation and inflammation.
The Lateral Scapular View may demonstrate a superior malposition of the humeral head.
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